Fixed Broadband Penetration and Economic Growth Evidence from panel data of ASEAN member countries

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Yudi Purnama Purnama


ASEAN, Economic growth, fixed broadband, Granger causality, gross capital accumulation


This study explores causal relationships between fixed broadband penetration, gross capital accumulation, the degree of urbanisation, and economic growth, using panel data from 9 ASEAN member countries in 2003-2016. Employing multivariate models, we reveal bidirectional causality between fixed broadband penetration and economic growth, with a higher magnitude of effect from GDP per capita to broadband penetration. Furthermore, fixed broadband penetration has bidirectional causality to urbanisation, while a unidirectional link exists from fixed broadband penetration to gross capital accumulation.


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